Assalam Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuhu
Allah tells us in this Surah that He made us the best of His creations but we are accountable for every action.
Allah Ta’ala has commenced this Surah by taking four oaths, namely on the fig, olive, Mount Sinai and the city of Makkah Mukarramah. Oath upon the fig and the olive, two complete and very beneficial fruit, has relation with and is indicative of the profound excellence of man’s creation.Mount Sinai was where Musa (alayhis salaam) had the honour of speaking to Allah Ta’ala. The city of Makkah is the blessed place that was chosen for the first revelation of the greatest and final message of Allah Ta’ala to humanity, the Qur’an Kareem. Oath upon these two places is indicative of the fact that these honourable landmarks are witness to the distinguished creation of man. They are witness to great physical and spiritual qualities and abilities that Allah bestowed upon man. It is the firm belief of every Muslim that Allah Ta’ala is indeed the most Truthful. Commentators explain the possible reason for Allah to take an oath, though He is indeed most Truthful and All Knowing, is purely for our benefit and understanding. Allah Ta’ala wants to draw our attention to the importance of the matter to be discussed and hence draws our focus by taking oath. With greater attention we may be able to comprehend and understand the matter with our limited intellect.
Allah Ta’ala draws our attention to the fact that Insaan (mankind) is indeed the most honourable, beautiful and intelligent of all creation. The reason for man to be accorded such a lofty rank is due to his acceptance and belief in the Tauhid (oneness) of Allah Ta’ala. It is this very recognition and faith in Almighty Allah that makes man second to none in the sea of Allah’s creation. Such are these qualities and favours that if man has to continue making effort upon this deposition then he would surpass the rank of the malaaikah (angels).
However, when man decides to contend these favours and uses the very strength, ability and energy bestowed upon him by Allah Ta’ala for the disobedience of Almighty Allah, then he stoops to the lowest of creation. He becomes down trodden and disgraced. He loses the mantle of honour and respect accorded to him. He then perpetrates actions and deeds that even animals would be ashamed of. Through his own doing he relegates himself from the highest of creation to the lowest of the low. The abominable nature of sin is such that it deprives a person of all benefit, spiritual and material.
Those who adopt good deeds and fulfill their covenant to Allah Ta’ala, the promise of a never-ending reward and eternal bliss is made for them.
In conclusion Allah Ta’ala warns, that no person should be under the illusion that there is no accountability, or that there would be no one to reckon deeds. Indeed Allah Ta’ala is the judge of All judges and the King of all Kings. We therefore learn the following pertinent lessons from this surah:
- To recognize and understand the nobility and rank accorded to man by Allah Ta’ala.
- Ensure that by word and deed we fulfill the covenant of Allah and do justice to this lofty postion of Ashraful makhlookat (best of creation).
- Be wary and prepared for accountability of every action in the court of Allah.